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Monsoon and Mosquito Borne Diseases

Along with relief from the scorching heat, the rains bring along with them a spate of diseases. Ask a doctor and they would testify that monsoon is the time when maximum number of people fall sick. A number of water borne diseases, arthropod borne diseases and respiratory tract ailments are transmitted during this season.
Monsoon and Mosquito Borne Diseases
Monsoon and Mosquito Borne Diseases
Mosquitoes love to sting the monsoon joy. The commonest being the female anopheline mosquito transmitting the malarial parasite. This mosquito breeds in clean water and places like burrow pits, garden pools and irrigation channels. Another mosquito notorious for its abundance during the rainy season is the Aedes aegypti causing dengue fever, dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue hemorrhagic shock. It breeds in artificial accumulations of water like discarded tins, broken bottles, flower pots and coconut shells. A dengue like disease caused by the chikungunya virus and transmitted by the Ades, culex and mansonia mosquitoes is chikungunya fever which also shows a peak in its transmission during the monsoon.

Fever with chills being the common presentation for all the three diseases, dengue in addition presents with rash, severe headache and retro-orbital pain on eye movements. Severe articular pain of the limbs and spinal column, swelling and stiffness of the joints is specific of chikungunya fever.

An integrated approach towards controlling arthropod borne diseases starts with prevention and elimination of the breeding places of mosquitoes in and around the houses and dwellings. Accumulated Dirty water if emptied from time to time reduces the transmission of Ades mosquito and proper covering of stored water reduces transmission of anopheles mosquito to a great extent. Insecticides like DDT and Paris
green are very effective in controlling their breeding. At an individual level, using repellents, protective clothing, bed nets and mosquito coils helps protect from the bite of these arthropods.

Κeeping the аbovе gіvеn steps in mind will allow you to plan well for the rainy season ahead. Go aheаd, experience the rain - just be certain you have got 'protected' yourself and your family well!

ALSO READ : Stay Safe this Monsoon

Written by

Studied MBBS from Mumbai. Currently pursuing Post Graduation.

1 comment :

  1. As we await the upcoming monsoon season, we can use this information to prepare ourselves from Monsoon diseases.